Toxins and Antitoxins systems are a set of two or more closely linked genes that are together encoded with both a "toxin" protein and a corresponding to "antitoxin". When these systems are contained on plasmids and transferable to genetic elements. These ensure that only the daughter cells are inherit the plasmid survive after cell division. Toxin antitoxin systems are gaining more and more attendance as key the modulators in bacterial lifestyle. TA systems were shown to be widespread in bacteria. The novel families of TA systems are continuously reported in the literature. Such as ranging from selfish entities to systems that play major roles in bacterial persistence, biofilm formation, or virulence. Nevertheless the current picture of Toxin antitoxin system seems to be far from complete.
Microbiology has extreme environments which produces deep seas, cold seas and hyper arid deserts hasto produce a range of complex natural products with high biological activity.The desert and marine samples from which you will isolate unique bacterial and fungal strains. Cultivating these under different conditions gives rise to varied metabolic profiles. We have new facilities for cultivating bacteria at very high pressures to mimic deep sea environments. You will use a range of chromatographic techniques to isolate the compounds from these cultured microbes. The chemical structures using spectroscopic techniques followed by testing the compounds in a range of biological assays to ascertain their biological activity and potential for use against human diseases.
Public Health microbiology is a speciality which spans the fields of human, animal, food, water and environmental microbiology with a focus on human health and disease. It requires research scientists, epidemiologists, and clinicians to generate, integrate, analyse and communicate epidemic intelligence. Public Health microbiology supports an monitoring of known and emerging threats and facilitates the evaluation of effective interventions
Biodiversity is one of the Earth’s biggest treasures. Microbes despite their small size and have a large impact on all lives and therefore understanding their role in the environment as important as to the maintenance of a planet as preserving the diversity of plants and animals.
Systematics has taxonomy as a primary tool to understand organism relationships with other living things, which can be understood and without being studied it and described in sufficient detail to classify it correctly. Systematic can be used in other word to understand the evolutionary history of life on Earth.
Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are called “the good” microorganisms because they benefit the digestive system. They may also help to treat other conditions and diseases including skin infections and allergies. Probiotics are living microscopic (very small) organisms that can help your gut health. The most common probiotic bacteria which come under two groups Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Probiotics can now be found as a pill or powder, or in some foods, such as yogurt.
The application of microorganisms in the industrial processing to produce high value of drugs, chemicals, foods and other products is known as industrial microbiology. Industrial microbiology includes the microorganisms to manufacture food and industrial products in large quantities. Production of various antibiotics, penicillin, fermentation, production of bio pesticides, microbial inoculants, synthesis of amino acid, organic solvents are some of the applications of microbes in the industries
The Oral microbiology is a study of the microorganisms of the oral cavity and their interactions between oral microorganisms or with the host. The environment present in the human mouth that allows the growth of characteristic microorganisms found. It provides a source of water and nutrients and as well as a moderate temperature. Oral bacteria form communities on distinctly different surfaces, such as hard enamel and cementum, as well as on soft epithelial cells. The composition of the resident oral microflora shows a local variations in composition on distinct surfaces (e.g., tongue, cheek, teeth) due to differences in key environmental conditions
Immunobiotics is a supplement of the combines prebiotics and probiotics with immunoglobulins to boost immunity and promote intestinal health. Immunoglobulin is particularly a beneficial for those who find that they are more susceptible to infections. Those with immune issues and deficiencies, infections, bacterial and viral diseases, colds, flus as well as those suffering from diarrhea, stress and fatigue will find ImmunoBiotics to be an excellent addition to their health regimen. ImmunoBiotics is also an ideal of supplemental protein source for meal replacement products in weight loss. For best results, ImmunoBiotics should be a part of a complete, balanced nutritional program.
A composition and physiology of microbial community in the environment. Microbes act as a special characterization the biosphere as it is a backbone of the environment. Environment includes the air, soil and water that are present. This also states the microbes that are present in that atmosphere. Microbes can either live in the extreme cold temperature or in the extreme high temperature. Also, as the atmosphere microbes plays an important role in the geochemical cycle. Environmental microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms in the environment. This discipline includes air microbiology, soil microbiology and water microbiology.
Microbial Ecology Group is aiming to identify the microorganisms that can carry out carbon and nitrogen turnover from soils particularly from forest soils it characterize thes processes and identifies how they are regulated under different environmental scenarios. A major focus is on symbiotic interactions between fungi and plants roots. The parasitic interactions between fungi and soil living nematodes. Evolution of symbiotic and parasitic fungi is examined using tools of genomics and functional genomics.